Farm work is labor in the agricultural industry and includes planting, cultivating, harvesting and preparation of crops to be stored or sold. The work force is primarily made up of migrant and seasonal farmworkers.
Overview of Farm Work
Migrant farmworkers: Agricultural workers who travel depending on the availability of crops and usually live in temporary housing.
Seasonal farmworkers: Typically have permanent homes but work seasonally in agriculture. Seasonal farmworkers do not travel in search of jobs in agriculture.
H2A workers: Workers who come to the U.S. through the H2A program, typically from Mexico. The H2A visa is temporary and can be obtained every year while in their country of origin.
- North Carolina now has the highest number of H2A workers in the country, with around 8,000 H2A workers
- Vecinos serves around 250 H2A workers
Demographics of North Carolina Farmworkers
- North Carolina is ranked sixth in the nation for the number of migrant farmworkers.
- NC is first in the nation for the number of H2A workers
- There are an estimated 2 to 3 million farmworkers in the United States
- In NC, in each growing season, there are approximately 150,000 farmworkers and their dependents
- 94% of farmworkers in North Carolina are native Spanish speaking